Mission San Diego de Alcala
Mission San Diego de Alcala was California's first church. A national Historic Landmark, a California Historic Landmark, and a City of San Diego Historic Designation the Mission San Diego de Alcala was an instrumental part in shaping the early stages of the City of San Diego. A great deal of Californian history can be learned here by visiting the church and the museum. The focal point of Catholicism in the west for many years, the Mission is now open to anyone who wants to see firsthand a couple of hundred years of American history that includes Catholicism, Native Americans, and much more.
The first of the twenty one missions, the Mission San Diego de Alcala is nicknamed the Mother of the Missions. Founded on July 16, 1769 by Blessed Junipero Serra and in 1976 was designated by Pope Paul VI as a Minor Basilica. Currently the Mission is used as an active Catholic Parish as part of the Diocese of San Diego.
10818 San Diego Mission Road
San Diego, CA 92108
Directions: Take I-8 east to the Mission Gorge Road exit. Turn Left at traffic signal. Drive on Mission Gorge and than take a Left onto Twain Avenue. After a little bit, Twain Avenue becomes San Diego Mission Road. The Mission San Diego de Alcala is located on the right.
Mission San Luis Rey
Mission San Luis Rey de Francia is a National Historic Landmark because of its a perfect example of a Spanish Mission Church complex. Founded in 1798 the Church is located in the northern part of San Diego in the beach town of Oceanside. Of the 21 California Missions, Mission San Luis Rey is the largest making it known as the "King of the Missions".
The Mission offers visitors an opportunity to learn about the history of the Mission and San Diego by exploring the Mission's Museum. In addition to the Mission San Luis Rey Museum, the beautiful gardens surrounding the San Luis Rey Mission Church are naturally peaceful. Of note the first pepper tree planted in California is still alive outside in the Gardens. For some the cemetery is another interesting aspect of the Church as it contains some key figures of San Diego's history. Founded by Father Fermin Lasuen the Mission San Luis Rey de Francia is named for Louis the King of France. Inside the Church the original wooden pulpit and the altar are worth seeing as well as the detailed paintings on the wall and the Church bell.
The Mission Visiting Hours 10:00 am - 4:00 pm daily.
Admission: Adults $6, Youth $4, Family $25, Seniors $5, Active Military $5.
San Luis Rey
4050 Mission Avenue
Oceanside, CA 92057
Mission San Luis Rey is located between I-5 and I-15 on Highway 76 in the northern part of San Diego County. Traveling on I-5 take the exit for Highway 76. Go east 4 miles to the Rancho del Oro exit. Mission San Luis Rey will be on the left.